Archive for the ‘Diseases & Conditions’ Category

Kidney Cancer Symptoms Treatment Information

Saturday, August 11th, 2012

Kidney cancer is mainly occurred in older people and 2-3% of all cases of cancer are kidney cancer. Renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney tumor which is found mostly in adults. Kidney cancer symptoms are not occurred in children and young adults. Some exceptions are also there. These are wilms tumor which is a type of pediatric kidney cancer and von Hippel-Lindau disease which is a type of hereditary kidney cancer.

The kidneys are important organs that are used for getting rid of extra water and waste from the blood. Our blood pressure is also controlled by kidneys. When kidney cancer symptoms are found in patients then doctors usually remove the kidney which is affected by cancer and patients are taken for additional treatment. You can avoid the risk of kidney cancer if you maintain a healthy lifestyle. Dialysis is a kind of kidney cancer treatments which is given to the patients if both the kidneys are affected.

There are many people who are not familiar with the specific causes of kidney cancer symptoms. Two major causes of kidney cancer are smoking and obesity. The effects of kidney cancer are very slow because the tumors grow very slow. There are some major kidney cancer symptoms like blood in the urine and pain and tiredness. People of above 40 years of age often experience back pain. People often ignore such kind of pain and the kidney cancer remains undetected. Kidney cancer results in high blood pressure. The risk of having kidney cancer is quite huge if you have any close relative who is affected by kidney cancer. If you already have bladder cancer then you have a huge risk of having kidney cancer. More than 3% of patients having kidney cancer have inherited damaged gene.

Today people have lots of options to get treatment of kidney cancer. There are some steps of kidney cancer treatments. The primary stage of kidney cancer is surgery for removing the affected kidney. After surgery there are some treatments that are given to the patients like radiation and chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Sometimes different variations of treatments are used depending on the severity of the treatment. A kidney transplant might be given to the patient of kidney cancer if that patient does not have any other complications. The kidney cancer symptoms are found mostly in those people who often smoke cigarettes. If any person has high blood pressure then the risk of developing kidney cancer is high. Males are mostly affected by the kidney cancer but the reason for this is unknown.

Cryopyrin Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)

Monday, December 21st, 2009

CAPS (cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome) is a group of rare genetic diseases that can cause rashes, fevers, joint pain, and other inflammatory symptoms. These symptoms often occur after exposure to cold or damp air or a drop in temperature, but symptoms may also show up for no clear reason. Cryopyrin is a protein responsible for triggering the inflammation and painful symptoms of CAPS. A malfunction in this protein is what these diseases have in common. Three syndromes comprise CAPS: Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS), (previously termed Familial Cold Urticaria), Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) and Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID), which also is referred to as Chronic Infantile Neurologic Cutaneous Articular Syndrome (CINCA).

Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome is the most common and least severe type.
* Symptoms: Rash, headache, fever, feeling tired, sore or red eyes, and muscle or joint pain
* Onset of symptoms: At birth or, rarely, later in childhood
* Trigger of symptoms: Exposure to cold temperature
* Duration of symptoms: Typically last no more than 24 hours

Muckle-Wells Syndrome is more severe than FCAS.
* Symptoms: Those symptoms listed above, as well as loss of hearing. High protein levels are detected during screening and are a sign of the disease
* Onset of symptoms: At birth or, rarely, later in childhood
* Trigger of symptoms: Exposure to cold temperature, weakness of the body, or other reasons that are not yet known
* Duration of symptoms: Usually last between 1 and 3 days

Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease is the most severe type.
* Symptoms: All of the above mentioned symptoms, as well as loss of eyesight, swelling of the knees, and mental disability
* Onset of symptoms: Almost always at birth
* Trigger of symptoms: Reasons that are not yet known
* Duration of symptoms: Continuous with symptoms worsening from time to time

Diagnosis of CAPS is often missed due to the rarity of these conditions (low index of suspicion). Furthermore, some symptoms of CAPS may be similar to findings of more common diseases such as systemic JIA and systemic lupus erythematosus. Some features of FCAS may be mistaken for Acquired Cold Urticaria (ACU), a more prevalent condition. Both demonstrate cold-induced rash; however, in ACU, the rash is usually localized to sites of direct cold exposure, whereas in FCAS, the inflammation is more generalized, being systemic in nature.

Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes are a rare and newly discovered group of autosomal-dominant disorders that can best be diagnosed through analysis of family history, compilation of clinical history, including age of primary presentation and frequency/duration of episodes, physical examination, laboratory and histological testing, and genetic analysis. Not all CAPS patients have detectable genetic mutations.

Are you or other family members troubled by recurring rashes, fevers, aching joints, and other symptoms? It’s time to take action. Learn about CAPS – Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes, a group of rare genetic diseases that runs in families and can be passed down through generations at Take a few minutes to complete the screener. Your answers can help you take a more active role in your medical care, and that of others.