Posts Tagged ‘Dentistry’

Sedation Dentistry

Monday, September 21st, 2009

Today’s dental patients are benefiting from major advancements in the dental industry that is reducing invasiveness and pain during treatment. There are several forms of sedatives, which yield various states of sedation. Mild sedation, or anxiolysis, is used to relieve anxiety and creates numbness. The patient rests at a low level of consciousness, which means the patient can breathe independently and has control over the body. To achieve mild sedation, dentists use inhalation sedation (also known as laughing gas), or oral pills, which patients ingest prior to the appointment.

A moderate level of sedation allows patients to retain control of the body and breathing, but decreases the awareness of pain, sounds, and smells. There are three types of treatment that provide moderate sedation. Intravenous (IV) sedation is an older method in which dentists administer sedatives through a needle injection to the arm. Effects are nearly instantaneous as the sedatives are administered directly into the blood stream.

In addition to mild oral sedatives, there are also oral sedatives that provide moderate sedation levels. Whereas IV sedation is quick, oral sedation works slower as the pills must be digested and broken down before entering the blood stream. Lastly, there is intramuscular sedation, a less popular method where an injection is administered into the muscle of the upper arm or thigh.

Dentists believe that, oral sedation may have various effects on individuals. Variables such as weight, height, and gender come into play when providing the proper does. To achieve the proper level of sedation, it is important to keep your dentist updated on the effectiveness of the pills.

Dentists will use sedation to help patients move past fears when performing cosmetic procedures such as veneers, implants, or crowns; restorative procedures such as root canals; protective treatment such as fillings, inlays, onlays, or sealants, and other treatments as well. It is vitally important to help their patients feel comfortable and safe during appointments.